# Maths

The maths coordinator is Mrs Stockton.

Calculation Policy

Maths at St Helen's Primary School

Mathematics is an interconnected subject which is essential to everyday life. At St Helen’s we aim to provide children with the mathematical knowledge and skills to become fluent in their mathematical understanding. We also provide children with a range of opportunities to solve problems and apply their mathematical understanding. Mathematical reasoning and fluency is developed and taught in daily Arithmetic and Mathematics lessons, however, we also plan for opportunities to develop and apply mathematical knowledge in Science and other subjects.

The National Curriculum (2014) states that the children are expected to move through the programmes of study for mathematics at broadly the same pace. However, pupils’ understanding and skills are monitored and support or challenge can be given to children within lessons to reinforce and deepen learning.

Key stage 1 - years 1 and 2

The principal focus of mathematics teaching in key stage 1 is to ensure that pupils develop confidence and mental fluency with whole numbers, counting and place value. This should involve working with numerals, words and the 4 operations, including with practical resources [for example, concrete objects and measuring tools].

At this stage, pupils should develop their ability to recognise, describe, draw, compare and sort different shapes and use the related vocabulary. Teaching should also involve using a range of measures to describe and compare different quantities such as length, mass, capacity/volume, time and money.

By the end of year 2, pupils should know the number bonds to 20 and be precise in using and understanding place value. An emphasis on practice at this early stage will aid fluency.

Pupils should read and spell mathematical vocabulary, at a level consistent with their increasing word reading and spelling knowledge at key stage 1.

Lower Key Stage 2 (Year 3 and 4)

The principal focus of mathematics teaching in key stage 2 is to ensure that pupils become increasingly fluent with whole numbers and the 4 operations, including number facts and the concept of place value. This should ensure that pupils develop efficient written and mental methods and perform calculations accurately with increasingly large whole numbers.

At this stage, pupils should develop their ability to solve a range of problems, including with simple fractions and decimal place value. Teaching should also ensure that pupils draw with increasing accuracy and develop mathematical reasoning so they can analyse shapes and their properties, and confidently describe the relationships between them. It should ensure that they can use measuring instruments with accuracy and make connections between measure and number.

By the end of year 4, pupils should have memorised their multiplication tables up to and including the 12 multiplication table and show precision and fluency in their work.

Pupils should read and spell mathematical vocabulary correctly and confidently, using their growing word-reading knowledge and their knowledge of spelling.

Upper key stage 2 - years 5 and 6

The principal focus of mathematics teaching in upper key stage 2 is to ensure that pupils extend their understanding of the number system and place value to include larger integers. This should develop the connections that pupils make between multiplication and division with fractions, decimals, percentages and ratio.

At this stage, pupils should develop their ability to solve a wider range of problems, including increasingly complex properties of numbers and arithmetic, and problems demanding efficient written and mental methods of calculation. With this foundation in arithmetic, pupils are introduced to the language of algebra as a means for solving a variety of problems. Teaching in geometry and measures should consolidate and extend knowledge developed in number. Teaching should also ensure that pupils classify shapes with increasingly complex geometric properties and that they learn the vocabulary they need to describe them.

By the end of year 6, pupils should be fluent in written methods for all 4 operations, including long multiplication and division, and in working with fractions, decimals and percentages.

Following the changes to the National Curriculum (2014) it is important that we all share a common understanding of what the expectations are in each year group for maths. The year group expectations and progression for written and mental calculations can be found in our calculation policy above.

Here are a few websites that are fun and can help with your mental maths ability.

Click on the pictures and it will take you to the website.

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